Protected Areas: data on costs and financing

Monday, Jun 11 2012

On behalf of the Protected Areas Financing Working Group Chair, the CFA would like to share this note:
"It is very likely that the negotiations in October will fall apart due to a perceived lack of data about the costs of conservation action as outlined in the Aichi Targets, we (TNC, BirdLife, WWF and CI) want to make a strong case that there is sufficient data for at least some of the Aichi Targets to agree funding targets.

"We need input from those most knowledgeable about what information exists to guide us in making that case and, probably, a graduate student in the field to do the work of putting together some literature reviews on costs for the different types of targets. In October of this year the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity will begin the process of negotiating financing targets to ensure that adequate financial resources are mobilized to achieve the 20 “Aichi Biodiversity Targets”.

"To facilitate that negotiation it will be important to provide Parties with the best available information on the costs of implementing the conservation actions needed to achieve the Aichi Targets. We are looking for case studies, estimates/analyses or overviews of existing studies, at any scale, on the costs of protected area creation and management/long-term sustainability in all habitat types. Attached is the section on protected areas prepared by an expert group tasked with identifying funds needed for the GEF-6 replenishment; we will use the information in that document as well as the sources listed below and we are looking for any additional sources that participants in the CFA recommend.

Balmford, A., Gravestock, P., Hockley, N., McClean, C.J. & Roberts, C.M. (2004) The worldwide costs of marine protected areas. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 101, 9694-9697.
Bruner, A.G., Gullison, R.E. & Balmford, A. (2004) Financial costs and shortfalls of managing and expanding protected-area systems in developing countries. BioScience 54, 1119-1126.
Bruner, A.G., Naidoo, R. & Balmford, A. (2004) Review on the economics of biodiversity loss: scoping the science review of the costs of conservation and priorities for action. Report to the European Commission under Contract ENV/070307/2007/486089/ETU/B2. Conservation International, World Wildlife Fund, Cambridge University Zoology Department. Washington and Cambridge.
Hoare, A. et al (2008) Estimating the cost of building capacity in rainforest nations to allow them to participate in a global
Bovarnick A., Fernandez-Baca, J., Galindo, J.; Negret, H. (2010): “Financial Sustainability of Protected Areas in Latin America and the Caribbean: Investment Policy Guidance” by UNDP and TNC (
REDD mechanism. Report produced for the Eliasch Review by Chatham House and ProForest with input from the Overseas Development Institute and EcoSecurities (London: Chatham House, 15 August 2008, published by the Office of Climate Change, 14 October 2008); available at James, A.N., Gaston, K.J. & Balmford, A. 1999. Balancing the Earth's accounts. Nature 401, 323-324.
James, A.N., Gaston, K.J. & Balmford, A. 2001. Can we afford to conserve biodiversity? BioScience 51: 43-52.

"In addition, we would be interested in any sources or inputs on what would be needed to credibly estimate the global costs of:
• Reducing rate of habitat loss and degradation (in all habitats but especially forests)
• Avoiding extinctions of threatened species
• Sustainable fisheries, agriculture, aquaculture and forestry
• Reduction of pollution, particularly from excess nutrients
• Habitat restoration, particularly of areas that provide freshwater and carbon storage"



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Protected Areas: data on costs and financing
Monday, Jun 11 2012


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